Content of the Article
Don't let his name fool us. Although they are called micronutrients, their function is essential for our body to receive and use each and every one of the nutrients needed to function; and they have nothing to envy the macronutrients, even though the differences between micro and macro may lead to failure. In fact, they are called micronutrients because we need them in very small amounts, while our body needs much larger amounts of macronutrients.
When it comes to talking about micronutrients we have two main types: minerals and vitamins. The minerals include sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, chlorine and sulphur, of which the body requires more than, for example, iron, fluorine, iodine, nickel, lithium or selenium. Like each and every one of the nutrients, we can achieve them through a healthy, balanced and varied diet; and when this is not possible or when we have a deficit we resort to iron, potassium or magnesium supplements in HSN, to name a few.
On the other hand, we have 13 vitamins, each and every one of them essential nutrients: our body is useless to synthesize them by itself, so we must achieve them through nutrition or supplementation. They are divided into 2 sets, the water-soluble vitamins, which dissolve in water, and the fat-soluble ones, which dissolve in fatty acids. Vitamin C and the 8 vitamins that make up the B vitamin complex are water soluble, while vitamins A, D, Y, and K dissolve in fatty acids.
The relevance of micronutrients
The lack of knowledge of minerals or vitamins and their functions means that we do not always and at all times pay attention to them. In this way, minerals are essential for certain functions of the body, such as blood clotting, tissue maintenance, muscle contraction or enzymatic reactions. But they are not independent of other nutrients, while the presence or absence of other nutrients and the physiological situation of the individual will leave a better or worse absorption and use of minerals.
But they must be taken in their proper measure. Both mineral deficiency and an excess of exactly the same can cause us health problems, and this is something we should monitor. Fortunately, there is a large amount of foodstuffs that will provide us with the precise amount of minerals in order for the body to function well, both foodstuffs of plant and animal origin. Dairy products, meats and algae, fruits and vegetables with green leaves are the most frequent examples, but even water provides us with calcium, magnesium, iodine, fluorine and copper.
A related thing happens with vitamins, which can be obtained from different foodstuffs but in each of them they appear in different concentrations, and not all and each one of the foodstuffs possess the thirteen vitamins that exist; but the body does not generate them. They play a vital role in cellular functioning, the development and good development of the body, and for the general well-being of the body. And, as in the case of minerals, a deficit can cause medical problems but an excess of vitamins can be toxic.
If there is a vitamin deficiency we can solve it by means of supplementation, with multivitamin complexes that can always and at any time be accompanied by a single vitamin supplement. The food specialists talk about them as if they were"health insurance", while each vitamin has a specific function and aspect for the body, so that supplements that include different vitamins allow us to take advantage of all the advantages of exactly the same, from strengthening the immune system to reducing fatigue or strengthening the muscle.