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Are you worried about the fact that you don't know how to treat a muscle tear at home? A pulled or torn muscle refers to damage to a muscle or the ligaments that attach it and is one of the most common sports injuries. You may put incorrect pressure on your muscles throughout your normal daily activities, by suddenly lifting weight, during your training, or by doing your work at work.

Muscle damage can be caused by tearing (partial or total) of the muscle fibers and ligaments attached to the muscle. Muscle tearing can also damage small blood vessels, causing local bleeding or bruising and pain caused by irritation of the restless endings in the damaged area.

Symptoms of a muscle tear

How do you know if you have suffered a muscle tear during a training session or if they are just aches and pains because of the efforts of the previous day? These are some of the symptoms of a muscle tear that can help you detect it:

  • Swelling, bruising, or redness from the lesion
  • Pain at rest
  • Pain when a specific muscle or its surrounding joint is activated
  • Weakness in the muscle or tendon
  • Inability to use muscle properly

If you have heard a crack sound with the injury, you cannot walk, there is significant swelling, pain, fever or open cuts, you should see a physiotherapist or be examined in the emergency department of a health centre.

How to treat a muscle tear at home?

The amount of swelling or local bleeding in the muscle (from broken blood vessels) should be relieved as soon as possible by applying ice packs and holding the tight muscle in a stretched situation. Heat may be applied when inflammation has decreased. Otherwise, early application of heat may increase swelling and pain. Ice or heat should not be applied directly to the skin. Always use a protective cover at all times, such as a towel between the ice or heat and skin.

Always on medical advice, take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen to reduce pain and improve your ability to move. Do not take them if you have a kidney disease, a history of gastrointestinal bleeding, or if you are taking an anticoagulant without talking to your doctor. In such a case, it is safer to take acetaminophen, which helps to reduce pain, but does not reduce inflammation.

Some of the home remedies to ease the pain of a muscle tear are the following:

  • Protects the torn muscle from auxiliary injuries.
  • Rest the tense muscle. Avoid activities that caused the tear and other activities that may be painful.
  • Cool the affected area for 20 minutes every hour while you are awake. Ice has enormous anti-inflammatory and soothing power. Take a bag of frozen products or ice cubes and apply it to the area to reduce inflammation.
  • Compression may be applied gently with an elastic bandage, which may help reduce swelling. Do not wrap it too tightly as it could count the blood circulation.
  • Raises the injured area to reduce swelling. For example, if you are sitting, place a chair nearby to keep your leg elevated above it.
  • Sports and activities that increase muscle pain or make the injured party work are not advised until the pain has improved significantly.

Medical treatment for a muscle tear

Medical treatment is similar to home treatment. However, the doctor can determine the extent of the injury and recommend the use of crutches while you continue the healing process. The doctor can also determine whether you need to limit your activities each day, take time off from work and whether you need rehabilitation exercises or physical therapy to recover properly.

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